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Travel Guide 2   >   Europe   >   France   >   Towns and Cities   >   Toulouse

   
 

Toulouse


Toulouse is a city in southwestern France. The city is located on the Garonne River, and lies almost half way between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean, and fairly close to the border with Spain. As of 2005, Toulouse had an estimated population of 435,000.


Key Facts about Toulouse


Here are some facts about Toulouse:
  1. Toulouse is a city in southwestern France.

  2. Toulouse is located on the Garonne River, and lies almost half way between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean. The city is also fairly close to the border with Spain.

  3. As of 2005, Toulouse had an estimated population of 435,000.

  4. Archaeological evidence dates the earliest settlement in the area of Toulouse to the 8th century BCE. A city, known as Tolosa, was eventually established in the area, although to the South of the present day city of Toulouse.

  5. When the Romans conquered southern Gaul in the 2nd century BCE, a Roman military garrison was established close to Tolosa, although the old city of Tolosa also remained inhabited.

  6. During the Roman conquest of the rest of Gaul in the 1st century BCE, Julius Caesar established his camp in Tolosa in 52 BCE.

  7. After the Roman conquest of the whole of Gaul, Tolosa was no longer near the frontier, so stopped being a garrison town. Nevertheless the city continued to grow, thanks to its convenient location for trade between the Mediterranean and Atlantic.

  8. In the 1st century AD, a decision was made to relocate the entire city a few miles to the North. The old city was abandoned (the population was forced to relocate), and a new city built a few miles to the North. The new city became known as Palladia Tolosa, and rapidly grew to become a major Roman city.

  9. In the 5th century AD, the Roman Empire began to collapse, facing multiple barbarian invasions. In 407, Toulouse was besieged by Vandals, but managed to resist. In 413, the city was captured by Visigoths, who then withdrew, but who were then given control over the city by the Emperor Honorius in 418.

  10. From 418 to 508, Toulouse was part of the Visigothic kingdom. It was then conquered by the Franks, became part of the Merovingian, and later Carolingan Empires.

  11. In 721, during the Merovingian period, Duke Odo of Aquitaine defeated an invading Umayyad Muslim which had come Spain, in the Battle of Toulouse. This was a prelude to the better known Battle of Tours (also known as the Battle of Poiters) which occurred in 732.

  12. After suffering from the Black Death, famine, floods, and the Hundred Years' War in the 14th century, Toulouse experienced something of a "golden age" in the 15th century. A large part of this new found prosperity was based on a plant-based blue dye, "pastel", that was exported throughout Europe.

  13. In the 16th century however, a new blue dye from America, "indigo", wiped out the city's prosperity. Moreover religious conflict broke out between Calvinists and Catholics, only beginning to die out during the late 18th century.

  14. Since the 18th and 19th century, Toulouse gradually modernized.

  15. In the 1960s, Toulouse experienced rapid growth, because of the arrival of immigrants from Algeria.



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Books about Toulouse


Here are some books about Toulouse:

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Toulouse Travel Guide, France Environment: Touristic Guide

By Aaron Ellis

Independently published
Released: December 4th, 2019
Paperback (194 pages)

Toulouse Travel Guide, France Environment: Touristic Guide
Lowest New Price: $22.00*
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Description:
Toulouse Travel Guide, France Environment: Touristic Guide
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • ISBN: 1671573986
  • EAN: 9781671573987
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 194
  • Author: Aaron Ellis
  • Publication Date: December 4th, 2019
  • Release Date: December 4th, 2019
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.0 Inches by 5.0 Inches by 0.49 Inches
  • Weight: 0.48 Pounds
Click here for more information

Toulouse Travel Guide (Quick Trips Series): Sights, Culture, Food, Shopping & Fun

By Crystal Stewart

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Released: April 27th, 2016
Paperback (76 pages)

Toulouse Travel Guide (Quick Trips Series): Sights, Culture, Food, Shopping & Fun
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Description:
Toulouse Travel Guide (Quick Trips Series): Sights, Culture, Food, Shopping & Fun
  • Manufacturer: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
  • ISBN: 1532966776
  • EAN: 9781532966774
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 76
  • Author: Crystal Stewart
  • Publication Date: April 27th, 2016
  • Release Date: April 27th, 2016
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.0 Inches by 6.0 Inches by 0.18 Inches
  • Weight: 0.25 Pounds
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What have we got Toulouse: A family moving to France (A mother in France)

By Nikki McArthur

9782956808701
Released: March 23rd, 2020
Paperback (199 pages)

What have we got Toulouse: A family moving to France (A mother in France)
Lowest New Price: $13.03*
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Description:
What have we got Toulouse: A family moving to France (A mother in France)
  • Manufacturer: 9782956808701
  • ISBN: 2956808702
  • EAN: 9782956808701
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 199
  • Author: Nikki McArthur
  • Publication Date: March 23rd, 2020
  • Release Date: March 23rd, 2020
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.5 Inches by 5.5 Inches by 0.45 Inches
  • Weight: 0.52 Pounds
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Travel Like a Local - Map of Toulouse: The Most Essential Toulouse (France) Travel Map for Every Adventure

By Maxwell Fox

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Released: August 2nd, 2018
Paperback (50 pages)

Travel Like a Local - Map of Toulouse: The Most Essential Toulouse (France) Travel Map for Every Adventure
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Description:
Travel Like a Local - Map of Toulouse: The Most Essential Toulouse (France) Travel Map for Every Adventure
  • Manufacturer: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
  • ISBN: 1724635182
  • EAN: 9781724635181
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 50
  • Author: Maxwell Fox
  • Publication Date: August 2nd, 2018
  • Release Date: August 2nd, 2018
Physical Description:
  • Size: 10.0 Inches by 8.0 Inches by 0.12 Inches
  • Weight: 0.36 Pounds
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Greater Than a Tourist- Toulouse France: 50 Travel Tips from a Local

By Alix Barnaud

Independently published
Released: January 11th, 2019
Paperback (111 pages)

Greater Than a Tourist- Toulouse France: 50 Travel Tips from a Local
Lowest New Price: $11.97*
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Description:
Greater Than a Tourist- Toulouse France: 50 Travel Tips from a Local
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • ISBN: 1793863679
  • EAN: 9781793863676
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 111
  • Authors: Alix Barnaud, Greater Than a Tourist
  • Publication Date: January 11th, 2019
  • Release Date: January 11th, 2019
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.0 Inches by 5.0 Inches by 0.28 Inches
  • Weight: 0.28 Pounds
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A Goose in Toulouse and other Culinary Adventures in France

By Mort Rosenblum

Brand: Hyperion
Released: October 11th, 2000
Hardcover (320 pages)

A Goose in Toulouse and other Culinary Adventures in France
List Price: $24.50*
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Description:
A Goose in Toulouse and other Culinary Adventures in France
  • Manufacturer: Hyperion
  • Brand: Brand: Hyperion
  • ISBN: 0786864656
  • EAN: 9780786864652
  • PartNumber: new-Nov09usbook-2017-c044475
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Edition: 1st
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Author: Mort Rosenblum
  • Publication Date: October 11th, 2000
  • Release Date: October 11th, 2000
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.5 Inches by 7.5 Inches by 1.0 Inches
  • Weight: 1.4 Pounds
Features:
  • Used Book in Good Condition
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One Line a Day - Five Year Memory Journal: Toulouse, France - Garonne dome Green dome

By Travel Five Year Diaries

Independently published
Released: May 28th, 2020
Paperback (371 pages)

One Line a Day - Five Year Memory Journal: Toulouse, France - Garonne dome Green dome
Lowest New Price: $14.99*
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Description:
One Line a Day - Five Year Memory Journal: Toulouse, France - Garonne dome Green dome
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • EAN: 9798649200493
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 371
  • Author: Travel Five Year Diaries
  • Publication Date: May 28th, 2020
  • Release Date: May 28th, 2020
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.0 Inches by 5.0 Inches by 0.84 Inches
Click here for more information

One Line a Day - Five Year Memory Journal: Toulouse, France - Jacobin church Couvent des jacobins

By Travel Five Year Diaries

Independently published
Released: May 28th, 2020
Paperback (371 pages)

One Line a Day - Five Year Memory Journal: Toulouse, France - Jacobin church Couvent des jacobins
Lowest New Price: $14.99*
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Description:
One Line a Day - Five Year Memory Journal: Toulouse, France - Jacobin church Couvent des jacobins
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • EAN: 9798649199346
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 371
  • Author: Travel Five Year Diaries
  • Publication Date: May 28th, 2020
  • Release Date: May 28th, 2020
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.0 Inches by 5.0 Inches by 0.84 Inches
Click here for more information

One Line a Day - Five Year Memory Journal: Toulouse, France - Garonne dome River

By Travel Five Year Diaries

Independently published
Released: May 28th, 2020
Paperback (371 pages)

One Line a Day - Five Year Memory Journal: Toulouse, France - Garonne dome River
Lowest New Price: $14.99*
In Stock.*
*(As of 13:42 Pacific 6 Jun 2020 More Info)


Click Here
Description:
One Line a Day - Five Year Memory Journal: Toulouse, France - Garonne dome River
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • EAN: 9798649198363
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 371
  • Author: Travel Five Year Diaries
  • Publication Date: May 28th, 2020
  • Release Date: May 28th, 2020
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.0 Inches by 5.0 Inches by 0.84 Inches
Click here for more information


 
 
 

 
 
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