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Travel Guide 2   >   Europe   >   France   >   Towns and Cities   >   Besançon

   
 

Besançon


Located close to the border with Switzerland, Besançon is the capital city of the Franche-Comté region of northeastern France. As of 1999, the city had an urban population of 134,376, with 222,381 living in the metropolitan area.


Key Facts about Besançon


Citadel of Besançon:
Citadel of Besançon
Here are some facts about Besançon:
  1. Besançon is a city in eastern France, located close to the border with Switzerland.

  2. Besançon is the capital of the region of Franche-Comté.

  3. As of 1999, Besançon had an urban population of 134,376, with 222,381 living in the metropolitan area.

  4. Besançon is a city with a very ancient history. Julius Caesar first mentions the town (under the name Vesontio) in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico (Commentaries on the Gallic War) in 58 BCE. Gallic tribes are however in fact believed to have settled the area as long ago as 1,500 BCE.

  5. Besançon has been ruled by many states during its history, including being part of Charlemagne's Empire, the Holy Roman Empire, beind independent, under the Duke of Burgundy, and under Spanish and French rule (changing hands repeatedly between them). It was also important during the Napoleonic Wars (the town was bombarded by the Austrians in 1814), the Franco-Prussian War, and occupied by the Nazis during World War II.

  6. When conquered by Louis XIV of France in 1668, the famed military engineer Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban visited the city and drew up plans for fortifications. The French then however immediately lost control of the city back to Spain, but regained it again six years later. Vauban, then returned and organized building many fortifications (including city walls, a moat system, numerous forts, and a citadel), a process which took 30 years.Most of these fortifications can still be seen today.

  7. In 1959, the French Army turned the citadel over to the city, and it subsequently became a museum.

  8. Since 2008, the Citadel of Besançon has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Attractions and Places of Interest in Besançon


Attractions and places of interest in Besançon include:

Weather in Besançon


Besançon has both oceanic and continental climate influences. As a result, it tends to have quite a lot of precipitation, but hard winters (with snow and frost), and warm dry summers.

For current weather information, we recommend:

Comments about Besançon


Please share your comments about Besançon, France:

   


Books about Besançon


Here are some books about Besançon:

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Michelin Dijon/Besancon/Mulhouse, France Map No. 66 (Michelin Maps & Atlases)

By Michelin Travel Publications

Michelin Travel Publications
Paperback

Michelin Dijon/Besancon/Mulhouse, France Map No. 66 (Michelin Maps & Atlases)
List Price: $6.95*
Lowest New Price: $60.83*
Lowest Used Price: $4.44*
*(As of 03:32 Pacific 27 May 2017 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
An annually updated, detailed map of Dijon, Besancon, and Mulhouse, showing primary and secondary road networks across the region, local services and many tourist attractions. Scale: 1/200,000 - 1cm=2km Legend/Key in French

Besancon

By Michele Barrault

Decouverte BEBA
Hardcover

Besancon
Lowest Used Price: $15.90*
*(As of 03:32 Pacific 27 May 2017 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Wonderful hardbound (cloth cover) book on the city of Bescancon, France. Contains information on History, Culture, Arts, Science, and Economy. Includes pictures. All text is in three languages: French, English, and German.

Besancon

Institut Geographique National
Map

Besancon
List Price: $9.95*
Lowest New Price: $9.95*
*(As of 03:32 Pacific 27 May 2017 More Info)


Click Here


 
 
 

 
 
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